Macroeconomics & Microeconomics Concepts You Must Know
Review: Byzantine Empire (Chapter 11)
- Byzantine Empire - Name for the Eastern Roman Empire; Capital at Constantinople; used diplomacy to hold empire together.
- Most poweful Byzantine ruler; set up legal code using the Roman model
and it ruled the Byzantines for 900 years; creates massive public works
- General Belisarius - Powerful general under Justinian; regained control of Rome and northern Africa.
- Empress Theodora - Justinian's wife; convinces husband to put down the Nika Rebellion.
- Nika Rebellion - Riot in the Hippodrome calling for the overthrowing of Justinian; crushed by Belisarius.
- Hagia Sophia
- Most splendid Eastern Orthodox Christian chirch built by Justinian;
later convinces the Russians to adopt Eastern Orthodox Christianity.
- Church Schism
- Division within Christian church; separates into Roman Catholic vs.
Eastern Orthodox; Byzantine emperors begin to reject the Pope's
authority; the Patriarch becomes head of Eastern Christianity.
- Primary Chronicle - Russian history written by Russian monks.
- Vladimir of Kiev - Converts to Eastern Orthodox Christianity and baptizes all his subjects in AD 989.
- Yarolslav the Wise
- Ruler of Kievan Russia; set up effective legal code; used diplomatic
marriage alliances; political instability resulted from his rule
because he divided his land amongst his sons; the sons then fought for
control of the land.
- Khanate of the Golden Horde - Mogolian Empire in Russia.
- Alexander Nevsky - Novgorod prince; advises Russians to cooperate with the Mongols.
- Ivan III - First Russian ruler to call himself "czar" which translates to "caesar."
- Mamelukes - Turkish military slaves who became a powerful force in the Abbasid empire.
- Seljuk Turks - People that migrated into the Abbasid empire about AD 970; convert to Islam.
- Malik Shah - the last effective Seljuk sultan; gains support of the Persians.
- Vizier - Name given to the prime minister during Seljuk rule.