No Bull Economics Lessons

Macroeconomics & Microeconomics Concepts You Must Know

Review: Indian and Han Dynasties (Chapter 7)

  • Mauryan Dynasty - Founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 321 BC after he overthrew Seleucus (Alexander the Great's General).
  • Chandragupta Maurya - Levied high taxes to finance successful war efforts; Followed the advice of Kautilya to hold the empire together; divided empire into 4 provinces.
  • Kautilya - Author of the "Arthasastra;" Close supervision of officials; use of spies; division of the day into 8 nalikas to rule efficiently. 
  • Asoka - Chandragupta Maurya's grandson brings empire to its height; Converts to Buddhism after the mass slaughter of over 100,000 people at the Battle of Kalinga; Edicts promoted religious toleration and nonviolence.
  • Gupta Empire - Founded by Chandra Gupta I in AD 320 after 500 years of turmoil in India. 
  • Chandra Gupta II - Expanded power by defeating the Shakas on the west coast and trade grows between India and the Mediterranean; Used diplomatic and marriage alliances.
  • Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva - The three main gods of Hinduism; the creator, the preserver, and the destroyer; New trend is worhip 1 or 2 gods to make religion more personal and increase mass appeal.
  • Theravada Buddhism - Original and strict teachings of Buddha
  • Mahayana Buddhism - New school of Buddhist thought; belief that many could become buddha (bodhisatvas); inspires Indian art.
  • Kalidasa - Most famous Indian writer; author of Shakuntala; Considered to be the Indian Shakespeare.
  • Indian Math - developed modern numerals, concept of "0," the decimal system. 
  • Indian Astronomy - Determined the Earth is round by observing a lunar eclipse; solar calendar.
  • Han Dynasty - Set up a powerful bureacracy (top-down rule) in China from 202 BC - AD 220; Credited with the invention of paper; Silk production is closely guarded secret.
  • Empress Lu - Holds real power in Han China by naming infants as the emperor; lowers taxes.
  • Wudi - "Martial Emperor;" sets up civil service exam system to set up powerful bureacracy; expands boundaries to present-day China.
  • Silk Routes - Increased cultural diffusion with India and Europe through trade; Imports gold, glass, dyes, Buddhism, perfumes, gems; Exports silk, furs, spices, ceramic, bronze, iron.