No Bull Economics Lessons

Macroeconomics & Microeconomics Concepts You Must Know

Review: Nationalism (Chapter 24)

  • Latin American Revolutions - Caused by social class divisions in the early 1800s as well as the spread of the Enlightenment ideas, American Revolution, and French Revolution; Independence movements lead to increased poverty, cities devastated by war, and disruption of trade.
  • Peninsulares - Born in Spain; hold highest gov't positions in Latin American colonies.
  • Creoles - Born in Latin America to European parents; well-educated but could not hold high gov't positions.
  • Mulatto - Mixed European and African ancestry.
  • Mestizo - Mixed European and Native American ancestry.
  • Nationalism - a feeling of extreme pride that invokes a sense of unity; links people of the same language, history, culture, customs, religion, and territory; leads to movements of independence, unification, and revolution in the 1800s.
  • Haiti - First Latin American colony to win independence; revolt began with African slaves that made up most of Haiti's population.
  • Toussaint L'Ouverture - African slave that led Haiti's independence movement against France; able to see the weakness in enemy lines; captured and imprisoned by French.
  • Simon Bolivar - Wealthy Venezuelan creole that led independence movements throughout South America in the 1800s; known as The Liberator.
  • Lord Byron - English poet that provides monetary aid to Greek fleet during independence movement from Ottoman Empire.
  • Crimean War - Russia's failed attempt to take over part of the Ottoman Empire; Russia lacked adequate supplies and transportation.
  • Edict of Emancipation - Czar Alexander II issued this decree which freed serfs in Russia; unfortunately, high debts kept the serfs tied to the land.
  • Giuseppe Mazzini - Organized the nationalist group Young Italy which consisted of people under the age of 40.
  • Victor Emmanuel II - First king of a united Italy.
  • Camillo di Cavour - Prime Minister of Piedmont-Sardinia; efforts led to the unification of northern Italy.
  • Giuseppe Garibaldi - Leader of the Red Shirts; successful victories helped unify southern Italy.
  • Conservative - One that believes in the political ideology that supported having a strong monarch in the 1800s; most of Europe was under the control of conservatives in the mid-1800s (following the Congress of Vienna).
  • Otto von Bismarck - Prussian prime minister that waged war against Denmark, Austria, and France to unify the Germanic states.
  • Junker - wealthy conservative in Prussia. Bismarck was a junker.
  • Real Politik - Tough power "Politics of reality" practiced by Bismarck.
  • Seven Weeks' War - Prussia's victorious war over Austria; as a result, Italy gains Venetia and Prussia gains control of northern Germany.
  • Franco Prussian War - Prussia defeats France under Napoleon III to gain support of Southern Germany.
  • Wilhelm I - Prussian king that takes on the title of Kaiser (Caesar) as first ruler of a unified Germany; empire known as the Second Reich.
  • Romanticism - Movement in art that shows deep admiration and appreciation of nature.
  • Impressionism - Artwork that tries to catch a specific moment.
  • Realism - artwork that displays realities of life such as a poor worker or slave performing back-breaking labor.
  • Mary Shelley - Gothic Horror author that wrote Frankenstein.