No Bull Economics Lessons

Macroeconomics & Microeconomics Concepts You Must Know

Renaissance & Reformation

  • Renaissance - Rebirth of classical Greek & Roman art & learning in Europe lasting from 1300 to 1600.
  • Florence - Origin of the Renaissance due to thriving trade, wealthy merchant class, and access to classical manuscripts.
  • Medici - Florentine family of rulers that offer financial support to artists; patron of the arts.
  • Niccolo Machiavelli - Author of The Prince; Advises rulers to do whatever is necessary to achieve their goals;
  • Humanism - The focus on human potential & achievement; Brings about a decrease in the power of the Roman Catholic Church.
  • Secular - Worldly.
  • Realism - Art technique giving figures very real and lifelike qualities.
  • Perspective - Art technique that uses an origin point and horizon line.
  • Leonardo da Vinci - Ideal Renaissance Man that was proficient in many areas of study; Painted the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper; Invented early parachute, airplane, & tank; Famous notebook easily read through a mirror.
  • Christian Humanists - Renaissance authors that incorporated Christian themes; Thomas Moore wrote Utopia and Erasmus wrote The Praise of Folly.
  • Johann Gutenberg - Invents the printing press; Leads to rise in vernacular, literacy, learning, cheaper books, and the questioning of the Roman Catholic Church.
  • Vernacular - Again, it means the common language!
  • Martin Luther - German monk that leads the Protestant Reformation after bishop Johan Tetzel sold indulgences (passports to Heaven); Taught that faith alone gets one into Heaven and all church teachings should be based on the Bible.
  • Ninety-Five Theses - Martin Luther's arguments that he posted on the Wittenberg church door in 1517; Ideas spread because of the printing press.
  • Peace of Augsburg - Truce between German Emperor Charles V and Protestant German Princes; German princes can decide that practiced religion in their region.
  • Act of Supremacy - When the Reformation Parliament made Henry VIII head of the English Church after the pope refused to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
  • Anne Boleyn - Henry VIII's second wife who is executed; Daughter is Elizabeth I. 
  • Edward I - Henry VIII's only son and the first of Henry's children to rule England.
  • Mary - Nicknamed "Bloody" Mary after her extremely harsh policy towards English Protestants; Dies childless.  
  • Elizabeth I - Mary's Protestant half-sister that rules after Mary; Establishes the Anglican Church which incorporates Protestant and Catholic ideas; Establishes England as a supreme naval force with the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588.
  • John Calvin - Protestant reformer taht believed in the concept of predestination; All humans are sinful by nature therefore god has known since the beginning of time who will be saved; Followers become Calvinists.
  • John Knox - Founds the Presbyterian Church which are basically Scotish Calvinists.
  • Huguenots - French Calvinists.
  • Ignatius of Loyola - Founds the Jesuit order ("society of Jesus") in reaction to the Protestant Reformation.
  • Council of Trent - Pope Paul III declares that the Church's interpretation of the Bible is FINAL; Indulgences were valid expressions of faith.

Study Bulb: Flash Cards, Matching, and Mult. Choice Practice for chapter 17

Renaissance - No Bull Review Lesson