- Explains why Chinese dynasties are overthrown and replaced throughout
history; This year we studied the Shang - Zhou - Qin - Han - Sui - Tang
- Song - Yuan.
Tang Taizong - Founder of the Tang Dynasty that restores order and lowers taxes.
Empress Wu Zhao - Tang ruler that conquers Korea.
China's Golden Age
- Under Tang & Song rule movable type, mechanical clock, magnetic
compass (Song Dynasty will become great sea power), paper money, and
porcelain were all invented.
- Chinese invention that used printing blocks which could be used again
to print something else; Technology will eventually be applied to the
invention of the Printing Press.
Steppes - Central Asia; People are nomadic because of the extreme climate changes; Little rainfall with short-hardy grass.
Pastoralist - Nomads of the steppe that make a living by herding domesticated animals.
Clan - Mongols were nomadic and lived in a clan which was determined by kinship (ancestry).
- Unites the Mongols and expands power east and west; Had brilliant
military strategy and organization; Terror used as a weapon; Successors
will continue to expand rule following his death.
Mongol Empire - The largest unified land empire in history.
Pax Mongolica - Mogolian peace; Ideas and inventions spread with trade throughout Asia and Europe.
- Following the death of Ogadai Mongolians divided power into four
Khanates; Golden Horde in Russia; Chagatai in central Asia; Ilkhanate
in Persia; Great Khan in China.
- Rules China (Yuan Dynasty); Employs foreigners such as Marco Polo in
gov't because he found them more trustworthy than the Chinese; Ditches
the nomadic lifestyle; Internal family struggles will help the Chinese
overthrow Khan rule following Kublai's death.
Kamikaze - To the Japanese this "divine wind" or typhoon saved them from a Mongolian invasion via Korea.
- Early Japanese religion that revolved around nature; "way of the
gods;" When Buddhism arrives from Korea they will combine the two
Kami - Divine spirits that live in nature.
Amaterasu - Japanese sun goddess; The rising sun is still symbolic.
Yamato Emperors - Japan's early centralized gov't; Claimed descent from Amaterasu.
Heian Court - Japanese aristocrats live by a complex code of conduct and morals.
Feudalism - Form of gov't in which people give up their land in exchange for protection.
Samurai - Protectors of the land.
Bushido - Code of the Samurai; Eventually all peasants are required to live by this code.
Angkor Wat - Massive temple complex built by Khmer Empire (Cambodia) to honor Hindu god, Vishnu; Shows influence of Indian culture.
Koryu Dynasty - Early Korean dynasty based on the peninsula.
Tripitaka Koreana - National treasure in Korea; Made up of over 81,000 wood printing blocks that had been lost under Mogol rule and destruction.
Chinese Dynasties - No Bull Review Lesson
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