Macroeconomics & Microeconomics Concepts You Must Know
Review: Indian and Han Dynasties (Chapter 7)
- Mauryan Dynasty - Founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 321 BC after he overthrew Seleucus (Alexander the Great's General).
- Chandragupta Maurya - Levied high taxes
to finance successful war efforts; Followed the advice of Kautilya to
hold the empire together; divided empire into 4 provinces.
- Kautilya - Author of the
"Arthasastra;" Close supervision of officials; use of spies; division
of the day into 8 nalikas to rule efficiently.
- Asoka - Chandragupta Maurya's grandson
brings empire to its height; Converts to Buddhism after the mass
slaughter of over 100,000 people at the Battle of Kalinga; Edicts
promoted religious toleration and nonviolence.
- Gupta Empire - Founded by Chandra Gupta I in AD 320 after 500 years of turmoil in India.
- Chandra Gupta II - Expanded power by
defeating the Shakas on the west coast and trade grows between India
and the Mediterranean; Used diplomatic and marriage alliances.
- Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva - The three
main gods of Hinduism; the creator, the preserver, and the destroyer;
New trend is worhip 1 or 2 gods to make religion more personal and
increase mass appeal.
- Theravada Buddhism - Original and strict teachings of Buddha
- Mahayana Buddhism - New school of Buddhist thought; belief that many could become buddha (bodhisatvas); inspires Indian art.
- Kalidasa - Most famous Indian writer; author of Shakuntala; Considered to be the Indian Shakespeare.
- Indian Math - developed modern numerals, concept of "0," the decimal system.
- Indian Astronomy - Determined the Earth is round by observing a lunar eclipse; solar calendar.
- Han Dynasty - Set up a powerful
bureacracy (top-down rule) in China from 202 BC - AD 220; Credited with
the invention of paper; Silk production is closely guarded secret.
- Empress Lu - Holds real power in Han China by naming infants as the emperor; lowers taxes.
- Wudi - "Martial Emperor;" sets up civil service exam system to set up powerful bureacracy; expands boundaries to present-day China.
- Silk Routes - Increased cultural
diffusion with India and Europe through trade; Imports gold, glass,
dyes, Buddhism, perfumes, gems; Exports silk, furs, spices, ceramic,