No Bull Economics Lessons

Macroeconomics & Microeconomics Concepts You Must Know

Review: Belief Systems (Chapter 3)

Global History Regents Review

  • Hittites - Indo-European group that occupied Anatolia; iron weapons.
  • Aryans - Indo-European nomadic warriors that invaded the Indus Valley; introduced the Caste System.
  • Hinduism - Religion developed in India over a long period of time; no single founder; polytheistic.
  • Reincarnation - Belief that one's soul or spirit can be born again in another lifetime; shared by Hindu and Buddhist belief systems.
  • Karma - The good and bad deeds that one does in their life.
  • Moksha - Hindu goal of perfect understanding.
  • Caste System - Social class system in Hinduism that was arranged according to occupation.
  • Upanishads - A Hindu book/conversation between teacher and student; the Vedas are another writing important to Hinduism. 
  • Buddhism - Founded by Siddartha Guatama in a small kingdom in Nepal (northern India); encourages people to seek enlightenment (wisdom); will spread throughout Asia because of trade.
  • Four Noble Truths - All life is suffering; overcome selfish desires; follow Eightfold Path
  • Eightfold Path - The right conduct to follow in order to achieve Nirvana.
  • Nirvana - Ultimate goal of Buddhism; release from selfishness and pain/suffering.
  • Jainism - Religion founded in India by Mahavira; all living things considered sacred (even bugs); work in trade/commerce where they can't harm living things.
  • Judaism - Monotheistic religion; ethical monotheism is the belief in one God and emphasizing right conduct.
  • Torah - Hebrew Bible/holy book of Judaism; also first 5 chapters of Old Testament
  • Abraham - Born in Ur; shepard; First Hebrew; covenant (agreement) with God that his descendants would be blessed and faithful.
  • Moses - Adopted son of an Egyptian princess; led Hebrews out of Egypt; received the Ten Commandments.
  • Ten Commandments - Moral code of Judaism; widely used in western culture to this day.
  • King David - Unites the tribes of Israel.
  • King Solomon - Ruler of Israel that builds massive temple for God (Yahweh) and the Ark of the Covenant; known for wisdom and use of diplomacy; high taxes and forced labor will lead to a split into two separate kingdoms.
  • Nebuchadnezzar - Chaldean king of the Babylonian Empire; war with Israel destroys Solomon's Temple. 
  • Minoans - Ancient civilization that thrived on Crete in the Aegean Sea; dominates sea trade in the eastern Mediterranean Sea; mysteriously disappears---volcanic eruption? invasion?
  • Phoenicians - Ancient civilization known for expert ship building and Mediterranean trade network; developed symbols/letters to represent sounds; glass and purple dye are highly profitable; modern day Lebanon.

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