Cold War - Following WWII, the US and USSR disagree over the types of governments that should be established in the countries of eastern Europe; leads to economic and military competition between the two including the build-up of nuclear weapons; US supports all countries that resist communism and the USSR supports all countries that embrace it; 1945-1990. "Iron Curtian" - The region in eastern Europe that consisted of the USSR and its communist satellite nations. Truman Doctrine - US Foreign policy to support countries that resisted communism during the Cold War. Space Race - US and USSR very expensive competition that involved space exploration; Soviets launch first satellite called Sputnik; US later land a man on the moon. Domino Theory - Belief that if one Asian country falls to communism then the surrounding nations are prone to falling as well. Korean War
- Civil war that involved communist North Korea and non-communist South
Korea; the U.N. and U.S. send troops to aid South Korea after the North
invaded; China enters the war after the Southern forces led by General
MacArthur push towards China's border; war ends in a stalemate at the
38th parallel in 1953. Vietnam War - Civil war that involved communists North Vietnam led by Ho Chi Minh and non-communist South Vietnam; US sends troops to aid the South. Vietcong - pro-communist guerrillas in South Vietnam. Khmer Rouge - Brutal communist regime in Cambodia led by Pol Pot during the mid-1970s; massacred up to 2 million people in the killing fields; an example of human rights violation. Destalinization - Soviet policy to purge the nation of Stalin's memory. Brinkmanship - a period in the Cold War that showed that the US and USSR were willing to go to the brink of war; heightened tensions during Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson. Cuban Revolution
- Communist revolution in Cuba led by Fidel Castro to overthrow
unpopular dictator Batista; Castro seizes control of the economy; US
imposes embargo; Cuba turns to the USSR for support. Cuban Missile Crisis -
USSR set up missiles in Cuba capable of striking the US; JFK and the
USSR settle the crisis diplomatically; USSR removes missiles and the US
removes missiles in Turkey. Detente - a cooling of the Cold War tensions between the US and USSR beginning under Nixon. Strategic Defense Initiative - a program to protect the US from Soviet missiles under the Reagan administration; also known as "Star Wars." Glasnost - Gorbachev's Soviet policy of "openness" in the 1980s. Perestroika - Gorbachev's policy of "economic restructuring" in the 1980s; allowed some private enterprise. Boris Yeltsin - first elected president of the Russian Republic. Shock Therapy - Yeltsin's policy of an abrupt shift to a market economy in the USSR. Ethnic Cleansing - Bosnian Serbs attempt to rid Bosnia of its Muslims in the 1990s; example of a human rights violation.
Chinese Civil War - Following WWII, civil war resumes between the communists led by Mao Zedong and nationalists led by Jiang Jieshi; Communists triumph with Mao as China's leader. Great Leap Forward - Mao's attempt to increase agricultural and industrial output by forcing people to live on collective communes (farms); millions die from famine. Cultural Revolution - Mao's attempt to create a society of peasants in China; all people with special privileges or that are well-educated are subject to persecution at the discretion of Red Guards. China sees very little economic progress as a result from Mao's policies. Deng Xiaoping - called for the "Four Modernizations" to advance agriculture, industry, defense, and technology; policies lead to real economic progress by adopting an open economy however restricts rights of the Chinese citizens. Tiananmen Square Protests - after being open to Western ideas of freedom and democracy, students protest in 1989 calling for democracy; the military is called in to suppress the protests resulting in a massacre of some of the demonstrators; an example of human rights violations.
Balfour Declaration - A document that shows British support for a Jewish homeland in Palestine as long as non-Jews in the area are not restricted of any rights. Zionism - A movement to get a Jewish homeland in Palestine; during and after Nazi rule in Europe many Jewish people migrate to Palestine; following the Holocaust many countries are sympathetic to this cause. Israel - Jewish state in Palestine established on May 14, 1948; on May 15, 1948 six Muslim countries invade; conflicts continue to do this day; Suez Crisis, Six Day War, and the 1973 Yom Kippur War exemplify these early conflicts; USSR supports several Arab countries while the US supports Israel. Camp David Accords - peace agreement between Egypt (Anwar Sadat) and Israel (Menachem Begin); Egypt recognizes Israel as a state and Israel gives Egypt the Sinai Peninsula; results in the assassination of Sadat by a Muslim extremist. PLO - Palestinian Liberation Organization established by Yasir Arafat to defeat Israel and gain a Palestinian homeland. Intifada - Palestinian campaign of civil disobedience against Israel. Yitzhak Rabin - Israeli leader that was assassinated by an Israeli extremist in the 1990s for agreeing to land and peace for Palestinians. Hamas - Palestinian terrorist organization with a lot of political power in the Gaza Strip that targets Israeli civilians. Iranian Revolution - Ayatollah Khomeini leads an Islamic movement to overthrow the Shah of Iran; rejects all US and western culture in Iran; Islamic fundamentalism
Kashmir - area in northern India that India (mainly Hindu) and Pakistan (mainly Muslim) fought a war over. Taliban - extremist Islamic group that seized control of Afghanistan in the 1990s.
Kwame Nkrumah Jomo Kenyatta Tribalism Apartheid FW de Klerk Nelson Mandela
Cold War - No Bull Review Lesson
Mr. Medico's Review Books (Paperback)
Disclaimers: MrMedico.info (2006-2018) is independently operated and is not directly affiliated with PortNet, the official website of the Port Washington Union Free School District. Students in Mr. Medico's classes are always offered free content for any Mr. Medico product advertised on this site. AP® is a trademark registered by the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.